Heart disease and stroke are types of cardiovascular disease. The cardiovascular system, also called the circulatory system, is made up of the heart and all the blood vessels that pump and move blood to various parts of your body.
Coronary artery disease (heart disease) is a common heart condition that affects the major blood vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle. High blood pressure is a leading cause of heart disease and stroke because it damages the lining of the arteries. This makes them more vulnerable to the harmful buildup of plaque, which narrows the arteries leading to the heart and brain. When heart arteries become more narrow, it reduces the flow of blood to the heart and other parts of the body. This can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina), or stroke.
Cardiovascular disease is a larger term for a number of conditions that are related to lifestyle, including:
A form of hereditary heart disease is congenital heart disease – inherited conditions that affect the structure (such as valves) of the heart. While age and family history play a part, your lifestyle is the biggest factor in the condition of your cardiovascular system. Eating healthy food, being more physically active, and maintaining a healthy weight can have a significant impact on cardiovascular health.
Signs and Symptoms of Stroke:
If you have any of these signs below, call 911 and get to a hospital right away. Do not drive yourself, as someone experiencing a stroke may be unable to properly control a motor vehicle.
Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease:
Coronary artery disease symptoms may be different for men and women. For instance, men are more likely to have chest pains, while women are more likely to have other symptoms along with chest discomfort, such as shortness of breath, nausea, and excessive fatigue.
You can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, by making healthier lifestyle choices. These include:
Depending on the type of heart disease, certain healthy lifestyle habits, like eating a low-fat and low-salt diet, getting regular exercise and good sleep, and not smoking may be helpful. Alternatively, medicines can be used to control heart disease symptoms and prevent complications. Other people may also require surgery, but the type of treatment or surgery will depend on the amount of damage to the heart and the type of heart disease.
If you are suffering from a stroke, emergency care and treatment in a stroke unit of a hospital is mandatory. Medical care will vary depending on whether the stroke was ischemic or hemorrhagic, how long ago it occurred, and whether you have other health problems.
San Ysidro Health offers high-quality, accessible primary care and other services that can help you manage your heart disease, if you are diagnosed.
By calling or texting (619) 662-4100, you can schedule an appointment today.
Specialty services, such as Cardiology, are also available at San Ysidro Health. To learn more about Specialty Medicare Care options at San Ysidro Health, click here.